Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a multifactorial disease, which the dietary pattern plays an important roll in his suffering, being one of the factors most important in their development risks, so it is important to know the nutrients required to nourish healthily and prevent the disease that is increasing.
Food eaten daily by people are divided into 3 main groups: carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Carbohydrates constitute 50 to 65% of the diet required per person, knowing that his overconsumption triggers serious metabolic diseases like diabetes mellitus is and its complications.
Proteins make up from 12 to 20% of the total diet and fat no more than 30% of total caloric value.
The first group, which are carbohydrate-rich foods are divided in cereals and cereal products, starchy vegetables, sugar, honey, candy, various drinks, pastries, cookies, donuts, desserts and fruits. This group provides 15 grams of carbohydrates per serving consumed. It includes non-starchy vegetables with a contribution of 5 grams of carbohydrates per serving.
Beans, legumes, milk, yogurt, and substitute drinks provide carbohydrates, proteins and fats.
Meat, egg substitutes, cheese and their derivatives are foods rich in protein and fat.
Therefore there must be a balance between intake and consumption demand food, particularizing each individual, as this depends on the daily activities and how to exercise in the prevention of metabolic diseases.
Dr. Arle Sevilla Catón.